Psalm 4 is an evening prayer. David is retiring to sleep in
the bosom of God. He is confident that the Lord will hear when he
calls upon Him (verse 3); he stresses the fact that we should put
our trust in the Lord (verse 5); he thanks the Lord for the gladness
that is in his heart (verse 7); and for the peace of mind that comes
from knowing God (verse 8).
Psalm 5 is an evening prayer. David is beset by treacherous
enemies and prays and shouts for joy in the confidence that God will
protect him. David must have had many enemies, for he refers to them
over and over again. Many of the most magnificent Psalms were born
of David’s troubles.
Psalm 6 is the first of the Penitential Psalms and is the
cry of a broken heart. This Psalm was perhaps occasioned by David’s
sin with Bathsheba and records a time of sickness, bitter grief,
tears, humiliation, shame, and reproach by David’s enemies.
Psalm 7 is another prayer for protection, as David is in
grave danger. In verse 3 David avows his own righteousness. Cush,
the Benjamite, could have been one of Saul’s officers in pursuit of
When a Psalm is quoted in the New Testament and applied to
Christ, it is known as a Messianic Psalm. Psalm 8 is applied to
Christ in several places in the New Testament (Matthew 21:16;
Hebrews 2:6-9; I Corinthians 15:27; and Ephesians 1:22). As Son of
man, Christ appears in humiliation, a little lower than the angels,
to taste death for every man, and is now crowned with glory and
honor (verses 1-5). Man was given dominion over creation, which was
lost by sin, and which is to be restored only by the second Adam
(Christ), verses 6-9.